We all wear cotton fabric during summer, and it is one of the softest and the most comfortable fabric ever. We feel so light and comfortable when we wear a cotton shirt. The cotton fabric is quite popular in the tropical countries as heat is too high and wearing a cotton shirt would cool your body as it allows air to pass through the fabric. We have always gone to a cloth store and got out cotton dresses and shirts. But have you ever wondered how the cotton which grows on plants gets made into a piece of fabric which you can wear? The textile mills get cotton from the cotton warehouses, or the gin yards and these textiles have mills which will start to process the cotton and produce a yarn. These yarns are fine threads which will get used for the cloth fabric. There are many cotton fabrics which are made of bed sheets, curtains, towels, etc.
The following are some of the fabric manufacturing techniques:
- Interlacing and braiding.
The cotton plant produces cotton that is attached to a hard case. To make the fabric you need to separate the hard case from the cotton, this process is called as Ginning. Initially ginning was done by hand but now there are many machines which do this work.
Once the cotton is removed from the hard case, these cotton needs to be spun to make the yarn. First, the cotton is cleaned and dried. Now the cleaned cotton is put into the machine, and the cotton fiber is brushed and changed into a thin rope-like structure; this rope is silver in color.
Weaving is the process of binding the two threads together to form a cloth. Previously this was done by hand but with now the process is fully mechanized, and machines do the weaving for large-scale industries. But there are still small-scale industries in many countries where manual handmade weaving is still done. The twist and the filling are intertwined with each other to form a texture of the fabric. The yarn that runs horizontally is known as the filling, and the yarn that runs vertically is called as the twist. There is a linger that is used to hold the yarn in the twist as the strings in the filling are woven through the twist strings.
Kitting is when you develop the texture of the fabric. The yarn takes a symmetric circle to join together. Each line of the interlocking circle is called as the grain. These grains are contrasted and twisted in the weaving. When this circle runs over the texture, it is known as the course.
Interlacing and braiding:
Interlacing is the part where the last strands of the cloth are joined. These strands are interlaced according to the maker’s purpose of the cloth. The Interlacing and braiding give a good finish to the cloth and makes it look good.